The Mouthpiece

When it comes to the didgeridoo mouthpiece there are many things to consider. Size, shape, material used, lip placement are all important details just to name a few. Changes to any of these aspects can greatly affect the didgeridoo’s sound quality, as It is the only part of the didge that makes contact with your lips. So it’s vital that the details of a didge’s mouthpiece isn’t overlooked.

Standard Flat Wood Mouthpiece

Inner diameter: 28mm - 30mm

These are common mouthpieces among non-traditionally made didgeridoos. These circular mouthpieces are often made of a contrasting hardwood and attached to the end of a didge. Wood mouthpieces have the advantage of never changing shape due to contact with the players mouth the way wax mouthpieces do.

It is important with any mouthpiece that the shape allows a good seal on your lips. A smooth, somewhat flattened edge where it touches the lips is a common design. This offers more surface area for the lips to make a seal against.

They are often coated with epoxy to protect the wood surface. This is not my preference. I have concerns about plastic coming in contact with the lips. A great alternative is using a Tung oil coating. It is an ancient non-toxic oil that will dry slowly and harden.

Multi Drone / Drop Octave

Inner diameter: Width 35mm - 38mm
Height 32mm - 35mm

Multi Drone didgeridoo mouthpieces have larger inner diameter than their close relative, the flat wood mouthpiece. They also differ in that they are often somewhat oval and concave for better fit to the shape of the mouth. The larger opening offers a greater range of lip tension. This will allow lower frequencies and thus other octaves to be played on the same didge. This is an advanced technique and beginning players should first develop their basic skills before expecting to play a drop octave.

Plastic Mouthpieces

Inner diameter: 28mm - 30mm

Many beginners will make their first didge out of PVC or other similar plastic tubing. This is generally fine when starting out. But I never recommend your lips ever come in contact with the plastic. Many plastics have toxic or even carcinogenic properties. In this case you should make a beeswax mouthpiece using the same diameter as the wood mouthpiece.

Traditional Beeswax & Sugarbag

Inner diameter: 28mm - 30mm

Beeswax is of course the most traditional mouthpiece, though some Yidaki have hardwood mouthpieces. Many players prefer the ability to shape the wax mouthpiece to their exact needs. Sugarbag, a black beeswax from wild bees is an option. Regardless of a somewhat distinctive aroma, sugarbag makes an attractive traditional mouthpiece. Some drawbacks are that wax can rub off into facial hair, and the wax may shift over time, requiring reshaping.